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History of the Triple Existence

 

Table of Contents

Table of chapters page xi

List of tables page xvi

List of illustrations page xviii

Introduction page 1

Chapter 1 Origin of the Cosmos page 3 The big bang and quarks (p. 3) - events of the first three minutes (p. 5) - cosmic stories (p. 7) - the age of radiation (p. 8) - chemical structures (p. 10) - star formation (p. 11) - main-sequence stars (p. 14) - red giants (p. 17) - white dwarfs and neutron stars (p. 18) - binary stars, pulsars, and black holes (p. 20) - the size of stars and elemental weights (p. 21) - how matter is distributed in space (p. 22) - dark matter and dark energy (p. 24) - knowing events on this level of magnitude (p. 26) - in the larger regions of space (p. 28) - what type of being was created during this period (p. 32)

Chapter 2 The Earth and Solar System page 33 The present situation (p. 33) - how the solar system was created (p. 36) - the eight planets (p. 40) - how the earth’s moon was created (p. 42) - the earth’s formation (p. 44) - the earth’s chemical composition (p. 45) - chemistry of the surface and interior rock (p. 47) - the presence of water (p. 48) - shifting land masses (p. 50) - the supercontinents (p. 53) - periods of warming and glaciation (p. 55) - the impact of life on geological processes (p. 56) - release of oxygen (p. 57) - residue of plant and animal life (p. 59) - mass extinctions and other threats (p. 60) - recent temperature cycles (p. 61) - what type of being was created during this period (p. 63) - the present arrangement of water and land on the earth’s surface (p. 64)

Chapter 3 Life Appears on Earth page 65 Life’s characteristics (p. 65) - how life might have begun (p. 66) - DNA, RNA, amino acids, and proteins (p. 69) - prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells (p. 70) - oxygen and iron (p. 72) - biological classifications (p.74) - geological periods (p. 75) - the pre-Cambrian period (p. 76) - the Cambrian explosion (p. 78) - the Ordovician, Silurian, and Devonian periods (p. 79) - the Carboniferous period (p. 82) - the Permian period and extinction (p. 84) - the Triassic period (p. 85) - the age of dinosaurs (p.87) - the Cretaceous period (p. 90) - the ascent of mammals (p. 94) - the last thirty million years (p. 98) - what type of being was created during this period (p. 100)

Chapter 4 The Human Species Appears page 101 A search for our ancestors (p. 101) - our primate relatives (p. 103) - some of our pre-human ancestors (p. 107) - ancestors from the period between 7 million and 4 million years ago (p. 108) - Australopithecus (p. 110) - Homo habilis (p. 112) - Homo erectus (p. 113) - Homo heidelbergensis (p. 115) - Neanderthals (p. 116) - Homo sapiens (p. 117) - our African origin (p. 119) - brain size as an indicator of human capability (p. 120) - Homo sapiens becomes dispersed to other parts of the world (p. 122) - what DNA says of racial and ethnic relationships (p. 124) - the three races and various ethnicities (p. 127) - changes within the human population in historical times (p. 129) - what type of being was created during this period (p. 133)

Chapter 5 The Beginning of Human Culture and Thought page 135 Perishable and imperishable thought (p. 135) - stone tools (p. 136) - stone-tipped spears (p. 138) - clothing, shelter, and decorative ornaments (p. 139) - expressive art (p. 141) - paleolithic culture (p. 141) - life in hunter/gatherer societies (p. 143) - neolithic culture (p. 146) - glimpses of Neolithic life in western Europe (p. 148) - domesticated animals (p. 151) - the beginning of agriculture (p. 152) - intervention of human thought in the evolution of plant and animal species (p. 155) - intimations of religion (p. 156) - oral culture (p. 159) - the words of languages (p. 160) - the human body molding speech (p. 162) - languages of the world (p. 164) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 172)

Chapter 6 The First Epoch of Civilization: Development of Imperial Government page 173 When and where the first civilized societies appeared (p. 173) - emergence of a new type of community (p. 176) - ideographic writing (p. 178) - monarchies (p. 180) - the first empires: Egypt and Sumer (p. 181) - mideastern empires of the 2nd millennium B.C. (p. 184) - nomadic invasions (p. 184) - military struggles in the middle east (p. 186) - Rome’s emergence as a world power (p. 189) - Hunnish eruptions (p. 194) - continuation of the Roman empire in the east (p. 195) - the Parthian, Kushan, and Sasanian empires (p. 198) - India (p. 202) - China (p. 205) - southeast and east Asia (p. 212) - pre-Columbian America (p. 215) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 218)

Chapter 7 The Second Epoch of Civilization: Development of World Religion page 219 Three stages in religion (p. 219) - a shift in the type of worship (p. 221) - the introduction of alphabetic writing (p. 222) - philosophers and prophets of the Axial Age (p. 227) - the monotheism of Ikhnaton and Moses (p. 232) - Jews under foreign rule (p. 233) - early Christianity (p. 235) - theological controversies (p. 237) - development of the western church (p. 240) - the power of the Roman church (p. 242) - orthodox Christianity (p. 245) - the later Persian religions (p. 248) - the religion of Islam (p. 250) - Islamic empires (p. 255) - the Hindu and Buddhist religions (p. 259) - the spread of Indian religion to lands outside India (p. 263) - religion in southeast and east Asia (p. 265) - an other-worldly tendency (p. 267) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 268)

Chapter 8 The Third Epoch of Civilization: Development of Commerce and Education page 269 Thawing religious belief (p. 269) - the seeing revolution (p. 270) - the introduction of printing (p. 273) - the beginning of commercial organization in Europe (p. 275) - Luther’s protest (p. 279) - the nexus between wealth and the arts (p. 281) - commercial rivalry between the north Atlantic nations (p. 282) - colonial trade (p. 289) - the rise of machines (p. 292) - trade competition in an industrial age (p. 294) - industrial America (p. 296) - the labor movement (p. 299) - universal education (p. 301) - literary and artistic style (p. 305) - a new mode of selling (p. 307) - newspapers as vehicles for selling (p. 308) - yielding to the machine (p. 310) - the unraveling of western colonialism (p. 313) - materialism and disintegration (p. 314) - how thought was advanced during this period. (p. 316)

Chapter 9 The Fourth Epoch of Civilization: Development of News and Entertainment page 317 A weight lifted from our shoulders (p. 317) - entertainment up until the 20th century (p. 318) - amateur and professional sports (p. 321) - productions on the Broadway stage (p. 326) - racially styled music (p. 328) - communication technology transforms entertainment (p. 330) - how the technology of sound recording was developed (p. 330) - recorded music (p. 332) - how the technology of motion pictures was developed (p. 334) - a short history of motion pictures (p. 335) - how the technology of radio broadcasting was developed (p. 341) - a short history of radio broadcasting (p. 342) - how the technology of television broadcasting was developed (p. 345) - a short history of the television industry (p. 347) - sports broadcasts (p. 352) - gambling (p. 353) - narrowcasting (p. 356) - computer-generated entertainment (p. 357) - entertainment goes international (p. 358) - how thought was advanced during this period. (p. 360

Chapter 10 The Fifth Epoch of Civilization: Development of Computers. page 361 The early days (p. 361) - mainframe computers (p. 363) - Moore’s Law (p. 368) - Silicon Valley (p. 368) - microcomputers (p. 370) - Microsoft and the software business (p. 373) - the move to computer networks (p. 374) - CompuServe and The Source (p.375) - other computer networks (p. 376) - genesis of America OnLine (AOL) (p. 378) - moving to a new model of service (p. 381) - the Internet (p. 381) - web browsers and search engines (p. 385) - turn-of-the-millennium excitement (p. 386) - Google and Yahoo! (p. 386) - other heavily-trafficked sites (p. 388) - wireless devices (p. 391) - knowledge production (p. 394) - Watson and colleagues (p. 397) - history’s wrecking ball (p. 399) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 400)

Chapter 11 Intelligent Machine Life page 401 Imagining an artificial human being (p. 401) - the first moves toward artificial intelligence (p. 402) - how Artificial Intelligence study began (p. 403) - putting this knowledge to work (p. 405) - Ray Kurzweil: prophet of Artificial Intelligence (p. 407) - three approaches to human cognition (p. 409) - reverse engineering the brain (p. 411) - robots (p. 416) - nano- sized robots (p. 420) - Will robots survive humanity? (p. 425) - no assurance that humanity will make the right decisions (p. 428) - robots to the rescue (p. 430- how thought may be advanced during this period (p. 432)

Appendix Summary page 433 The Triple Existence identifies our world page 434 - A list of “things” and how to analyze them page 436 - On Big History and the Five Epochs of Civilization page 440 - An alternative scheme of thresholds and historical turning points page 444 - The New Trinity of the Triple Existence. page 448 - Illustrations page 453 - Bibliography page 457 - Index page 463

 

 

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